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4 Types of Bipolar Disorder

If you have symptoms of or suffer from bipolar disorder, Dr. Paul Keinarth and Dr. Kelly Alberda at the Margolin, Keinarth & Alberda Family Health Center in Austin, TX can help you achieve better mental health.

What Is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a common condition in Austin, TX, and around the world. It is often characterized by extreme mood swings. People who live with this condition can have a difficult time coping with life at times while feeling powerful and happy at other times.

Sadly, there is no cure for bipolar disorder, but there are ways to cope with and manage it. The first step is to understand what type of the following four bipolar conditions you have.

Bipolar 1

When you have severe manic episodes that last over two weeks, you likely have Bipolar 1. Mania is when you have extreme mood changes that include periods of high energy, excitability, euphoria, trouble concentrating or sleeping, aggression, and racing thoughts.

With Bipolar 1, manic episodes typically last at least a week and might be followed by depression. Depressive episodes often lead to deep sadness, anxiety, hopeless feelings, and loss of interest in things you enjoyed previously. This type of bipolar disorder can lead to the need for hospitalization.

Bipolar 2

Bipolar 2 also includes manic and depressive episodes, but it is less severe. This is known as hypomania.

Cyclothymia

Cyclothymia or Cyclothymic Disorder is characterized by both depressive and manic episodes, as well. These episodes are typically less severe than those of both Bipolar 1 and Bipolar 2 but have lasted for two or more years. With Cyclothymia, you will also have periods of feeling completely normal. The mix of depression, mania, and normalcy leads to unstable and unpredictable moods.

Type 4 – Unspecified

Sometimes, bipolar disorder symptoms do not fit into the previous three categories. Therefore, they are classified as Type 4 or “unspecified.” Often, these symptoms are due to medical conditions, stress, drug and alcohol use, or other factors.

Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

There are several ways to treat bipolar disorder, including medication, counseling, lifestyle changes, and more. Dr. Keinarth and Dr. Alberda will develop a treatment plan according to the type of bipolar disorder you have. They will discuss different options and recommendations so that you can make wise decisions about your mental health.

If you’re looking for help treating and managing your bipolar disorder, call (512) 459-9889 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Keinarth or Dr. Alberda at the Margolin, Keinarth & Alberda Family Health Center in Austin, TX.

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